By Dave Harrison
Dec. 15, 2016, Ottawa – Changes have been introduced to improve the Temporary Foreign Worker Program for workers, for employers and the Canadian economy.
The measures were introduced earlier this week by John McCallum, minister of immigration, refugees and citizenship, and the MaryAnn Mihychuk, minister of employment, workforce development and labour.
Click here for the changes.
“The changes the federal government announced this week are good news for agricultural employers and farm and food workers,” said Portia MacDonald-Dewhirst, executive director of the Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC).
“The feedback we received from agricultural stakeholders is very supportive of these changes.”
EMPLOYMENT AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN AGRICULTURE
CAHRC works with industry leaders, governments and educational stakeholders to research, develop and communicate solutions to the challenges in employment and skills development in agriculture.
CAHRC researches issues, gathers stakeholder feedback, facilitates discussions and consultations between government and industry, and coordinates and provides support for Canada’s Agriculture and Agri-Food Labour Task Force (LTF).
“Our recently released national Labour Market Information (LMI) research was conducted over a three-year period with extensive collaboration with industry where we spoke to over 1,000 agricultural employers and employees,” says MacDonald-Dewhirst. (Click here and here for related farm labour stories.)
“The feedback we received shows there is a critical gap between the demand for workers and the supply of available workers. This gap has doubled in the last 10 years to approximately 60,000 workers. By 2025, the labour gap is expected to grow to 114,000 workers. The LMI research also revealed that primary agriculture has the highest industry job vacancy rate at seven per cent. This is resulting in $1.5 billion in lost sales.”
The changes announced today apply to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program‘s four-year cumulative duration rule which will no longer apply to temporary foreign workers in Canada, effective immediately and an exemption is also being made on the cap for seasonal industries seeking temporary foreign workers for up to 180 days during the 2017 calendar year will be extended until December 31, 2017. More changes for immigration and the TFWP are expected in the new year.
Prior to the change, the cumulative duration rule forced skilled agriculture workers that were trained in Canada to leave after four years. This was creating a skills deficit for Canadian agricultural employers and it was also acting as a restrictive barrier for the pathway to permanency for farm and food workers.
LABOUR RECRUITMENT IS ONGOING AND CONTINUOUS
Statistics Canada evidence shows that recruitment for agricultural employers is ongoing and continuous. Agriculture and agri-food stakeholders have provided feedback that the industry is dealing with unique workforce issues such as: rural location; handling of live plants and animals; strenuous physical work; and a high degree of seasonality.
Fixing the cumulative duration rule has been a long-standing recommendation of the LTF, comprised of industry representatives from the value chain, including the seafood sector, who have developed the Canadian Agriculture and Agri-Food Workforce Action Plan (WAP) to address the critical labour shortage. This proposed Canadian agriculture employment strategy is led by CAHRC and supported by over 77 agriculture associations.
“These changes are a positive step forward by the federal government which will help alleviate some of the issues that farmers, processors and agricultural employees are facing,” explains MacDonald-Dewhirst.
The Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council works with industry leaders, governments and educational stakeholders to research, develop and communicate solutions to the challenges in employment and skills development in primary agriculture. The Council also leads collaborative implementation efforts in support of the national Workforce Action Plan for the agriculture and agri-food sector.